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Selective bibliography

1. General evolution of wages

2. Labour market and wages

3. Labour share

4. Wages and level of skills

5. Wage dispersion and inequalities

6. Gender wage gap

7. Minimum wages and low wages

8. Wage strategies of companies


General evolution of wages - Statistical reports

. ILO, Global Wage Report/Rapport Mondial sur les Salaires, Geneva, 2008-2009 (2009), 2010-11 (2010), 2012-13 (2013), 2014-15 (2015), 2016-17 (2016) with insistence on special topics in each issue. Report 2008/09: Minimum wages and collective bargaining – Towards policy coherence. Report 2010/11: Wage policies in times of crisis. Report 2012/13: Wages and equitable growth, Report 2014/15: Wages and income inequalities, Report 2016/17: Wages inequality in the workplace

1. General evolution of wages

. Abraham, K, Haltiwanger, J (1995), “Real wages and the business cycle”, in Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 33, Sept., pp. 1215–1264.

. Akerlof, G, Dickens, W. T (2000), “Near-rational wage and price setting and the long-run Phillips Curve”, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, p. 1-60

. Bound, J, Johnson, G (1992), “Changes in the structure of wages in the 1980s: An evaluation of alternative explanations”, in American Economic Review, Vol. 82, No. 3, pp. 371–392.

. D’Hombres, B, Elia, L, Weber, A (2013), Multivariate analysis of the effect of income inequality on health, social capital, and happiness, JRC Scientific and Policy Reports, Report EUR 26488 EN, European Commission Joint Research Centre

. Euromonitor (2014), World Consumer Income and Expenditure Patterns, 2014, 14th edition.

. Hillebrand, E (2009), “Poverty, Growth and Inequality over the next 50 years”, FAO, Expert Meeting on How to feed the World in 2050, 24-26 June, 22 p

. Lavoie, M, Stockhammer, E (2013), Ed, Wage-led growth: An equitable strategy for economic recovery, Geneva and Basingstoke, ILO and Palgrave Macmillan

. Lazear, E.P. Shaw, K.L (2009), Ed, The structure of wages: An international comparison, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 472 p

. Lejour, Arjan M, Tang, Paul J.G (2000), Globalisation and wages inequality, CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis, 25 p, online

. Martins, P.S, Solon, G, Thomas, J. P (2012), “Measuring what employers do about entry wages over the business cycle: A new approach”, in American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 36–55.

. Mehran, F (2010), Estimation of global wage trends: Methodological issues, mimeo, Geneva, ILO

. Onaran, Ozlem (2007), “Wage Share, Globalization, and Crisis : The case of manufacturing industry in Korea, Mexico, and Turkey”, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts, Amherts, Workingpaper Series, Nr. 132, March, 59 p

. Perotti, R (1996) “Growth, income distribution, and democracy: What the data say”, Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 149–87.

. Slaughter, Matthew (1999), “Globalisation and wages: A Tale of Two Perspectives”, Centre for Research on Globalisation and Labour Markets, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Research Paper 99/5, 28 p, en ligne

. Slaughter, Matthew, Swagel, Philip (1997), “The Effect of Globalisation on Wages in the Advanced Economies”, IMF Working Papers 97/43, 33 p, en ligne

. Solon, G, Barsky, R.B, Parker, J.A (1994), “Measuring the cyclicality of real wages: How important is composition bias?”, in Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 109, No. 1, Feb., pp. 1–25.

. Tillé, Y (2010), Expertise report on the “Estimation of global wage trends: Methodological issues”, mimeo, Neuchâtel, Institute of Statistics, University of Neuchâtel

. Van Biesebroeck, J, How tight is the link between wages and productivity? A survey of the literature, Conditions of Work and Employment series, Geneva, ILO, online


2. Labour market and wages

. Betcherman, G (2015), “Labor market regulations: What do we know about their impacts in developing countries?”, World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 124–153.

. DiNardo, J, Fortin, N.M, Lemieux, T (1996), “Labour market institutions and the distribution of wages, 1973–1992: A semi-parametric approach”, in Econometrica, Vol. 64, No. 5, pp. 1001–44.

. Ehrenberg, R, Smith, R. S (2013), Modern Labor Economics: Theory and public policy, Chapter 5, Eleventh Edition, Prentice Hall,

. Herr, H (2009), “The labour market in a Keynesian economic regime: Theoretical debate and empirical findings”, in Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 33, No. 5, pp. 949–965.

. Keifman, S.N, Maurizio, R (2012), Changes in labour market conditions and policies: Their impact on wage inequality during the last decade, United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER), Working Paper 2012/14 (Helsinki).

. Lazear, E.P, Oyer, P (2004), “Internal and external labor markets: A personnel economics approach”, in Labour Economics, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 527–554

. Nataraj, S, Perez-Arce, F, Srinivasan, S.V, Kumar, K.B (2014), “The impact of labor market regulation on employment in low-income countries: A meta- analysis”, in Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 551–572


3. Labour share

. Arpaia, A, Prez, E, Pichelmann, K (2009), Understanding labour income share dynamics in Europe, Economic Papers No. 379, Brussels, European Commission, May

. Autor, D, Dorn, D, Katz, L. F, Patterson, C, Van Reenen, J (2017), The Fall of the Labor Share and the Rise of Superstar Firms, IZA, WP Nr. 10756, May, 76 p

. Bengtsson, E, Waldenström, D (2015), Capital shares and income inequality: Evidence from the long run, IZA Discussion Paper No. 9581, Bonn, IZA

. European Commission (2007), “The labour income share in the European Union”, in Employment in Europe 2007, Brussels, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, pp. 237–272.

. Freeman, R (2011), Accounting for the self-employed in labour share estimates: The case of the United States, OECD Science, Technology, and Industry Working Papers, 2011/04, Paris, OECD.

. Gollin, D (2002), “Getting income shares right”, in Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 110, No. 2, pp. 458–474.

. Guerriero, M (2012), The labour share of income around the world: Evidence from a panel dataset, Development Economics and Public Policy Working Paper Series WP N°32/2012, Manchester, Institute for Development Policy
and Management

. Karabarbounis, L, Neiman, B (2014), “The global decline of the labor share”, in Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 129, No. 1, pp. 61–103.

. Trapp, K (2015), Measuring the labor share of developing countries: Learning from social accounting matrices, WIDER Working Paper 2015/041. posters/Trapp-poster.pdf


4. Wages and level of skills

. Becker, G.S (1964), Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education, Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press

. Epifani, P, Gancia, G (2008), “The Skill Bias of World Trade”, The Economic Journal, July, vol. 118, Issue 530, p 927-960

. Heckman, J.J, Lochner, L.J, Todd, P.E (2003), Fifty years of Mincer earnings regressions, NBER Working Paper No. 9732, Cambridge, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research

. Iranzo, S, Schivardi, F, Tosetti, E (2008), “Skill dispersion and firm productivity: An analysis with employer–employee matched data”, in Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 247–285

. Mincer, J (1974), Schooling, experience, and earnings, New York, National Bureau of Economic Research Press



5. Wage dispersion and inequalities

. Atkinson, A.B (2007), “The distribution of earnings in OECD countries”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 146, No. 1–2, pp. 41–60.

. Blau, F. D, Kahn, L. M (2009), “Inequality and earnings distribution”, in W. Salverda, B. Nolan and T. Smeeding (Ed), The Oxford handbook of economic inequality, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 177–204.

. Barro, R. J (2000), “Inequality and growth in a panel of countries”, in Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 5–32.

. Corak, M (2013), “Income inequality, equality of opportunity, and intergenerational mobility”, in Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 79–102.

. Cornia, G. A (2012), Inequality trends and their determinants, United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER), Working Paper 2012/09 (Helsinki).

. D’Hombres, B, Weber, A, Elia, L (2012), “Literature review on income inequality and the effects on social outcomes”, in European Commission Joint Research Center Scientific and Policy Report.

. Francese, M, Mulas-Granados, C (2015), Functional income distribution and its role in explaining inequality, Working Paper WP/15/244, Washington, DC, IMF.

. Hertz, T, Winters, P, de la O, A.P, Quiñones, E.J, Davis, B. Zezza, A (2009), Wage inequality in international perspective: Effects of location, sector, and Gender, ESA, Working Paper No. 08-08

. Mortensen, D (2005), Wage dispersion: Why are similar workers paid differently? Cambridge, MA, MIT Press

. Murphy, K.M, Welch, F (1992), “The structure of wages”, in Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 107, No. 285, pp. 285–326.

. OECD (2008), Growing unequal? Income distribution and poverty in OECD countries, Paris

. Ostry, J. D, Berg, A, Tsangarides, C. G (2014), “Redistribution, inequality, and growth”, IMF Discussion Note SDN/14/02, Feb. Washington, DC, International Monetary Fund

. Sabadish, N, Mishel, L (2012), CEO pay and the top 1%: How executive compensation and financial-sector pay have fuelled income inequality, Issue Brief No. 331, 2 May, Washington, DC, Economic Policy Institute

. Salverda, W, Nolan, B, Smeeding T (Ed) (2007), The Oxford handbook of economic inequality, Oxford, Oxford University Press


6. Gender wage gap

. Blau, F.D, Kahn, L.M (2003), “Understanding international differences in the gender pay gap”, Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 106–144.

. Card, D, Cardoso, A. R, Kline, P (2015), “Bargaining, sorting, and the gender wage gap: Quantifying the impact of firms on the relative pay of women”, NBER Working Paper 21403, July, Cambridge, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research

. Goldin, C (2014), “A grand gender convergence: Its last chapter”, in American Economic Review, Vol. 104, No. 4, pp. 1091–1119.

. Grimshaw, D, Rubery, J (2015), The motherhood pay gap: A review of the issues, theory and international evidence, Geneva, ILO

. Heinze, A, Wolf, E (2010), “The intra-firm gender wage gap: a new view on wage differentials based on linked employer-employee data”, in Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 23, pp. 851–879.

. Maître, N, Sobeck, K, (Forthcoming 2017-18), Gender wage gaps among youth in developing countries, Geneva, ILO

. Nopo, H, Daza, N, Ramos, J (2011), Gender earnings gaps in the world, IZA Discussion Paper No. 5736, Bonn, IZA

. O’Reilly, J, Smith, M, Deakin, S, Burchell, B (2015), “Equal pay as a moving target: International perspectives on forty years of addressing the gender pay gap”, in Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 299–317.

. Peetz, D (2015), “Regulation distance, labour segmentation and gender gaps”, in Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 345–343

. Rubery, J, Grimshaw, D (2011), Gender and the minimum wage, Basingstoke and Geneva, Palgrave Macmillan and ILO

. Schäfer, A, Gottschall, K (2015), “From wage regulation to wage gap: How wage-setting institutions and structures shape the gender wage gap across three industries in 24 European countries and Germany”, in Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 467–496.


7. Minimum wages and low wages

. Belman, D, Wolfson, P (2014), What does the minimum wage do? Kalamazoo, MI, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

. Belman, D, Wolfson, P (2016), What does the minimum wage do in developing countries? A review of studies and methodologies, Geneva, ILO

. Doucouliagos, H, Stanley, T.D (2009), “Publication selection bias in minimum wage research? A meta-regression analysis”, in British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 406–426.

. Gindling, T. H, Terrell, Katherine (2004), “Minimum Wages, Inequality and Globalization”, Bonn, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit/Institute for the Study of Labor, IZA, Discussion Paper n°1160, mai, 24 p, en ligne

. Grimshaw, D (2011), What do we know about low-wage work and low-wage workers? Analysing the definitions, patterns, causes and consequences in international perspective, Conditions of Work and Employment Series 28, Geneva, ILO

. Immervoll, H (2009), Minimum-Income Benefits in OECD Countries: Policy Design, Effectiveness and Challenges, IZA DP No. 4627.

. Klaveren, M. V, Gregory, D, Schulten, T (2015), Ed, Minimum wages, collective bargaining and economic development in Asia and Europe, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan

. Lee, S, Sobeck, K (2012), “Low-wage work: A global perspective”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 151, No. 3, pp. 141–155

. Neumark, D, Wascher, W (2008), Minimum wages, Cambridge, MA, and London, MIT Press

. Rani, U, Belser, P, Oelz, M, Ranjbar, S (2013), “Minimum wage coverage and compliance in developing countries”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 152, Nos 3–4, Special Issue: Informality across the global economy – subsistence, avoidance and violation, pp. 381–410.


8. Wage strategies of companies

. Abowd, J, Kramarz, F, Margolis, D (1999), “High wage workers and high wage firms”, in Econometrica, Vol. 67, No. 2, pp. 251–333.

. Andrews, M. J, Gill, L, Schank, T, Upward, R (2008), “High wage workers and low wage firms: Negative assortative matching or limited mobility bias?”, in Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), Vol. 171, No. 3, pp. 673–697.

. Autor, David, Dorn, D. Katz, Lawrence F, Patterson, C, Van Reenen J (2017), The Fall of the Labor Share and the Rise of Superstar Firms, IZA, DP Nr. 10756, May, 76 p

. Barth, E, Bryson, A, Davis, J.C, Freeman, R (2016), “It’s where you work: Increases in earnings dispersion across establishments and individuals in the U.S.”, in Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. S67-S97.

. Card, D, Cardoso, A.R, Heining, J, Kline, P (2016), Firms and labor market inequality: Evidence and some theory. Available at:

. Krueger, A, Summers, L.H (1988), “Efficiency wages and the inter-industry wage structure”, in Econometrica, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 259–293.

. Lentz, R, Mortensen, T. D (2010), “Labor market models of worker and firm heterogeneity”, in Annual Review of Economics, Vol. 2, pp. 577–602.

. Lopes de Melo, R (2015), How firms affect wages: A structural decomposition,

. Song, J, Price, D.J, Guvenen, F, Bloom, N, von Wachter, T (2015), Firming up inequality, NBER Working Paper 21199, May, Cambridge, MA, National Bureau of Economic Research

. Weil, D (2014), The fissured workplace: Why work became bad for so many and what can be done to improve it, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press

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